amortization


amortization
1) The process of treating as an expense the annual amount deemed to waste away from a fixed asset. The concept is particularly applied to leases, which are acquired for a given sum for a specified term at the end of which the lease will have no value. It is customary to divide the cost of the lease by the number of years of its term and treat the result as an annual charge against profit. While this method does not necessarily reflect the value of the lease at any given time, it is an equitable way of allocating the original cost between periods. Compare depreciation.
Goodwill may also be amortized. Financial Reporting Standard 10, Goodwill and Intangible Assets, requires the writing-off of goodwill to the profit and loss account in regular instalments over the period of its economic life. However, non-amortization is an option in exceptional circumstances.
2) The repayment of debt by a borrower in a series of instalments over a period. Each payment includes interest and part repayment of the capital.
3) The spreading of the front-end fee charged on taking out a loan over the life of a loan for accounting purposes.
4) In the USA, another word for depreciation.

Accounting dictionary. 2014.

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  • Amortization — or amortisation is the process of decreasing, or accounting for, an amount over a period of time. The word comes from Middle English amortisen to kill, alienate in mortmain, from Anglo French amorteser , alteration of amortir , from Vulgar Latin… …   Wikipedia

  • amortization — I noun clearance, defrayal, defrayment, disbursement, discharge, extinction of a debt, extinguishment of claim, liquidation of a debt, payment, remittance, satisfaction associated concepts: amortization contract, amortization of a mortgage,… …   Law dictionary

  • Amortization — A*mor ti*za tion, n. [LL. amortisatio, admortizatio. See {Amortize}, and cf. {Admortization}.] 1. (Law) The act or right of alienating lands to a corporation, which was considered formerly as transferring them to dead hands, or in mortmain. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • amortization — (n.) 1670s, in reference to lands given to religious orders, from M.L. amortizationem (nom. amortizatio), noun of action from pp. stem of amortizare (see AMORTIZE (Cf. amortize)). Of debts, from 1824 …   Etymology dictionary

  • amortization — [ə môr′tiz məntam΄ər ti zā′shən, ə môr΄təzā′shən] n. 1. an amortizing or being amortized 2. money put aside for amortizing a debt, etc.: also amortizement [ə môr′tiz mənt] …   English World dictionary

  • amortization — (1) The process of making regular, periodic decreases in the book or carrying value of an asset. For example, when a bond is purchased at a price above 100, the difference between the purchase price and the par value, the premium, is amortized.… …   Financial and business terms

  • amortization — A cost *allocation method used to record the reduction in value of an asset over time. The classic case of amortization is the matching of the cost of an item of *property, plant, and equipment to its *useful life. Assets generally lose value as… …   Auditor's dictionary

  • amortization — / amortazeyshsn/ In accounting, the allocation (and charge to expense) of the cost or other basis of an intangible asset over its estimated useful life. Intangible assets which have an indefinite life (e.g., goodwill) are not amortizable.… …   Black's law dictionary

  • amortization — / amortazeyshsn/ In accounting, the allocation (and charge to expense) of the cost or other basis of an intangible asset over its estimated useful life. Intangible assets which have an indefinite life (e.g., goodwill) are not amortizable.… …   Black's law dictionary

  • amortization — /am euhr teuh zay sheuhn, euh mawr /, n. 1. an act or instance of amortizing a debt or other obligation. 2. the sums devoted to this purpose. Also, amortizement. [1665 75; < ML a(d)mortization (s. of admortizatio). See AMORTIZE, ATION] * * * In… …   Universalium

  • Amortization — The repayment of a loan by installments. The New York Times Financial Glossary * * * amortization a‧mor‧ti‧za‧tion [əˌmɔːtaɪˈzeɪʆn ǁ ˌæmərtə ] also amortisation noun 1. [countable, uncountable] ACCOUNTING …   Financial and business terms